Menu

Members
Rainforest Policy
Contact Us
Objectives
Timber Species

Timber Information List


Anegre

Botanical Name:

Aningeria spp.

Other Common Names:

English Tawa, African Birch

Timber imported from Ivory Coast and Ghana that is similar to European Birch. Density is 550 kg/m3.


Ash - American

Botanical Name:

Faxinus americana

Other Common Names:

White Ash, American Ash

Timber imported from North America. The heartwood is a grey-brown, sometimes tinged with red. Generally straight grained with a coarse but even texture. Density is 660kg/m3. Ash is a non-durable timber commonly used for sports equiptment and tool handles.


Ash - Australian

Botanical Name:

Eucalyptus fraxinoides

Other Common Names:

White Ash

Imported from New South Wales, Australia. Heartwood is cream to pale fawn colour with pinkish tinge, similar in appearance to Tasmanian Oak. Straight grained, fissile and the texture is open but even. density is 690kg/m3. This is a durable timber widely used where toughness, strength and bending qualities are required.


Balau

Botanical Name:

shorea spp

Other Common Names:

Yellow Balau

Imported from Malaysia. The heartwood is yellow-brown, varying to brown and dark reddish-brown, with an interlocking grain and fine to even texture. Density is 930kg/m3. A very durable timber used for heavy construction work.


Bauvudi

Botanical Name:

Palaquium Spp

Other Common Names:

Pencil Cedar, Nyatoh

A pink to pale reddish-brown timber with lustrous sheen. Fine to intermediate texture with usually straight grain, but sometimes interlocked and wavy. Used in Joinery, Flooring and Cabinetry.


Beech-European

Botanical Name:

Fagus sylvatica

Other Common Names:

English Beech, French Beech etc

Imported from Europe. The heartwood is very pale pink-brown with a straight grain and fine, even texture. Density is 720kg/m3. This is a non durable timber widely used for cabinetmaking, joinery and furniture.


Blackwood - Tasmainian

Botanical Name:

Acacia melanoxylon

Other Common Names:

Australia Blackwood, Black Wattle

Imported from Australia. A highly decorative timber with golden brown to dark reddish brown heartwood. Mostly straight grained and medium to even texture. Density is 665kg/m3. A durable timber used for furniture, joinery and office fittings.


Calophyllum

Botanical Name:

Calophyllum Spp

Other Common Names:

Damanu, Koilo

A pinkish-brown to pale red coloured timber imported from the Fijian Islands, Papua new Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Often refered to as Pacific Mahogany, this is not a mahogany, it is however easily worked with good maching properties. It is difficult to season and is very prone to movement (bending and twisting).


Cedrela

Botanical Name:

Cedrela Odorata

Other Common Names:

Cigar Box Cedar, Spanish Cedar

Durable timber with red-brown heartwood similar in colour to mahogany. Usually straight grained and dries reasonably well. Used for Cigar Boxes, Furniture and Cabinets, Joinery and Musical Instruments.


Cherry - American

Botanical Name:

Prunus serotina

Other Common Names:

Black Cherry, Cabinet Cherry

Timber imported from America. Heartwood varies from rich red to reddish-brown, with a fine, straight, close grain with narrow brown pith flecks and small gum pockets, with a smooth texture. Density is 580kg/m3. A moderately durable timber used for joinery, boat interiors and musical instruments.


Fijian Kauri

Botanical Name:

Agathis vitiensis

Other Common Names:

Dakua Makadre

Timber imported from Fiji. The heartwood is pale cream to golden brown in colour, with a lustre. Texture is fine and the grain mainly straight. Density is 540kg/m3. An equivalent to the New Zealand Kauri.


Jarrah

Botanical Name:

Eucalyptus marginata

Timber imported from Australia. The heartwood is a rich dark brownish-red, sometimes marked with short, dark brown radial flecks. The grain is usually straight but often interlocked or wavy. The texture is even but moderately coarse. Density varies from 690 - 1040kg/m3. A durable timber commonly used in Marine work, heavy construction and furniture.


Kaudamu

Botanical Name:

Myristica sp

Timber imported from Fiji. The heartwood is pink to light brown in colour and sapwood is cream to pale brown. The texture in intermediate and uniform and the grain is usually straight. The density is 580kg/m3. A non durable timber used for joinery, furniture and flooring.


Kwila

Botanical Name:

Intsia bijuga

Other Common Names:

Hintzy, Ipil

Timber imported from South East Asia. The heartwood is brown to dark brown in colour. The grain is slightly interlocked and the texture in moderately coarse. The average density is about 800kg/m3. A durable timber used for decking, flooring and outdoor furniture.


Maple - American Hard

Other Common Names:

Rock maple, hard maple

Timber imported from America. Colouring is cream-white with reddish tinge. Usually straight grain and the texture is fine and even. Density is 720kg/m3. Has a high resistance to abrasion and wear making it suitable for heavy-duty flooring.


Meranti - Dark Red

Botanical Name:

Shorea spp

Other Common Names:

Red Lauan, Red Seraya

Timber imported from South East Asia. The heartwood is medium to dark red brown with white dammar or resin streaks. The grain is interlocking and the texture is coarse. The average density is 670kg/m3 but can vary from 580-770kg/m3. A moderately durable timber used for joinery, boatbuilding and flooring.


Oak - American White

Botanical Name:

Quercus spp

Other Common Names:

White Oak, Appalachian Oak

Timber imported from America. Varies in colour from pale yellow-brown to biscuit with a pinkish tint and is similar to European Oak. Straight grain with medium to coarse texture. Density is 760kg/m3. A durable timber used for flooring, furniture and cabinetmaking.


Oak - European

Botanical Name:

Quercus

Other Common Names:

Rovere, Quercia, Chene

Timber imported from Europe. The heartwood is light tan to biscuit colour and usually straight grained. The density varies depending on where it is grown with the British and Baltic Oaks being 720kg/m3 and the South Easten Europe Oaks being 670kg/m3. A durable timber commonly used in flooring and furniture making.


Papua New Guinea Rosewood

Botanical Name:

Pterocarpus indicus

Other Common Names:

Philippines or Solomons Padauk, Narra, Amboyna

There are numerious species of Pterocarpius growing in the south pacific region. Colour, density and strength of the timber vary depending on growing conditions, but is generally a medium strength timber varying in colour from light straw to deep blood red. Typically used in Flooring, Joinery, Furniture and Musical instruments.
Should not be confused with other Rosewoods; African, Bahia, Brazilian, Burma, East indian, Hondurus, Indian, New South Wales scented, Nicaraguan, Rio.


Saligna

Botanical Name:

Eucalyptus saligna

Other Common Names:

NZ Red Eucalypt, Sydney Blue Gum

A light to dark pink coloured eucalypt. It has an interlocked grain and is difficult to dry. Commonly used in Joinery, Furniture and Flooring.


Salu Salu

Botanical Name:

Decussocarpus vitiensis

Other Common Names:

Dakua Salusalu

Timber imported from Fiji. The colour ranges from pale brown to golden orange-brown and has a fine texture. Density is 440kg/m3. A non-durable timber used for interior joinery and cabinetmaking.


Sapele

Botanical Name:

Entandropphragma Cylindricum

Other Common Names:

Abroudikrou, Sapelli

Timber imported from Africa. The heartwood is medium to dark reddish-brown. The grain is interlocked or wavy and the texture is fairly fine. Sapele has a Cedar-like scent when freshly cut. The average density is 620kg/m3. Moderately durable timber used for cabinetmaking and joinery.


Tasmanian Oak

Botanical Name:

Eucalyptus obliqua, E. delegantensis, E. regnans

Other Common Names:

Alpine Ash, Victorian Ash, Stringybark

Timber imported from Austraila. Not a true Oak or Ash. The colour is pale to light brown with a pinkish tinge. Straight grained and open texture. Density averages 620-640kg/m3. Moderately durable timber used for cabinetmaking and joinery.


Tatajuba

Botanical Name:

Bagassa guianensis

Other Common Names:

Bagasse, Gele Bagasse

Timber imported from Guyana and South America. The heartwood is a lustrous golden brown to russet, often streaked. Straight interlocking or irregular grain with a medium to coarse texture. This is a hard, heavy timber with a density of 800kg/m3. A durable timber used for heavy construction, boat building as well as joinery and cabinetmaking.


Teak

Botanical Name:

Tectona grandis

Other Common Names:

Mai Sak, Pahi, Sagwan, Tekku

Timber imported from Burma and other areas of South East Asia. True teak of Burma is a uniform golden-brown colour without markings but most other teak is rich brown with darker chocolate-brown markings. The average density is 650kg/m3. A very durable timber used in boat building, outdoor furniture and cabinetmaking.


Vitex

Botanical Name:

Vitex cofassus

A heavy durable timber with a pale-yellowish to creamy-grey appearance. Common uses include Flooring, Decking and Exterior Construction.


Walnut - American

Botanical Name:

Juglans nigra

Other Common Names:

Black Walnut, Canaletto, Black Hickory Nut

Timber imported from America. The heartwood is a rich dark brown to purplish-black, mostly straight grained. The texture is rather coarse. Density is 640kg/m3. Very durable timber used for high quality furniture, joinery and cabinetmaking.


Wenge

Botanical Name:

Millettia laurentii

Other Common Names:

Dikela, Mibotu, Bokonge

Timber imported from Africa. The heartwood is dark brown with very close fine, almost black veins. The closely spaced whitish bands of parenchyma give this wood an attractive appearance. Fairly straight grained with a coarse texture. Density is 880kg/m3. A durable timber highly suitable for flooring.


Western Red Cedar

Botanical Name:

Thuja plicata

Other Common Names:

Giant arborvitae, Red Cedar

Timber imported from Canada. The heartwood shows variations in colour when fresh from dark chocolate brown to pink-salmon colour, and matures to a reddish-brown and, in time to silver-grey when weathered. Straight grained and rather coarse texture. Density is 370kg/m3. A durable timber used for weatherboards, shingles and other claddings.


Yaka

Botanical Name:

Dacrydium nidulum

Timber imported from Fiji. The timber is brown to red-brown with an uneven colour and fine dark streaks are common. The texture is fine and the grain is usually straight but sometimes wavy. Density is 620kg/m3. Is a relative of the New Zealand Rimu.

© Copyright New Zealand Timber Importers Association Inc 2013